AskDefine | Define windpipe

The Collaborative Dictionary

Windpipe \Wind"pipe`\, n. (Anat.) The passage for the breath from the larynx to the lungs; the trachea; the weasand. See Illust. under Lung. [1913 Webster]

Word Net

windpipe n : membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi [syn: trachea]

English

Noun

  1. The trachea.
  2. A section of road or bridleway which has a reputation for having strong crosswinds or localized wind swirls.
  3. (British slang) The anus.
a section of road or bridleway which has a reputation for strong winds
the anus
See translations at anus

See also

The traceartes, or windpipe, is a tube that has an inner diameter of about 20-25 mm and a length of about 10-16cm. It commences at the larynx(at the level vertebral level of C6 in humans) and bifurcates into the primary (main) bronchi (at the vertebral level of T4/T5 in humans) in mammals, and from the pharynx to the syrinx in birds, allowing the passage of air to the lungs. It is lined with pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium cells with mucosae goblet cells which produce mucus. This mucus lines the cells of the trachea to trap inhaled foreign particles which the cilia then waft upwards towards their larynx and then the pharynx where it can then be swallowed into the stomach.
In humans there are about 15 – 20 incomplete C-shaped cartilaginous rings which reinforces the anterior and lateral sides of the trachea to protect and maintain the airway open. There is a piece of smooth muscle connecting the ends off the incomplete cartilaginous rings called the Trachealis muscle. This contracts reducing the size of the lumen of the trachea to increase the air flow rate during coughing. The esophagus lies posteriorly to the trachea. The cartilaginous rings are incomplete because this allows the trachea to collapse slightly to allow food to pass down the esophagus. The epiglottis is the flap that closes the trachea during swallowing to prevent swallowed matter from entering the trachea.

Clinical significance

Endotracheal intubation is the medical procedure of inserting an artificial tube into the trachea to provide a secure route for ventilating the lungs.
Tracheotomy is a surgical procedure of making an opening in the front of the neck that extends to the lumen of the trachea, a short tube called a tracheostomy tube is inserted through this opening, entering below the level of the larynx and vocal cords.

Tracheal diseases and conditions

The following are diseases and conditions that affect the trachea:

Additional images

Image:Illu08 thyroid.jpg|Thyroid Image:Respiratory system.svg|Respiratory system
windpipe in Arabic: رغامى
windpipe in Aymara: Tunquri
windpipe in Bulgarian: Дихателна тръба
windpipe in Catalan: Tràquea
windpipe in Czech: Průdušnice
windpipe in German: Luftröhre
windpipe in Estonian: Hingetoru
windpipe in Spanish: Tráquea
windpipe in Esperanto: Traĥeo
windpipe in Basque: Trakea
windpipe in French: Trachée
windpipe in Croatian: Dušnik
windpipe in Indonesian: Trakea
windpipe in Italian: Trachea
windpipe in Hebrew: קנה הנשימה
windpipe in Latin: Trachea
windpipe in Lithuanian: Trachėja
windpipe in Macedonian: Дишник
windpipe in Dutch: Luchtpijp
windpipe in Japanese: 気管
windpipe in Norwegian: Luftrør
windpipe in Polish: Tchawica
windpipe in Portuguese: Traqueia
windpipe in Russian: Трахея
windpipe in Sicilian: Cannarozzu fàusu
windpipe in Slovenian: Sapnik
windpipe in Serbian: Душник
windpipe in Serbo-Croatian: Dušnik
windpipe in Finnish: Henkitorvi
windpipe in Swedish: Luftstrupe
windpipe in Turkish: Soluk borusu
windpipe in Ukrainian: Трахея
windpipe in Yiddish: ווינט רער
windpipe in Chinese: 氣管
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